Once the monsoon or rainy season hits, certain areas will be suffering from fatalities like floods. If this does happen, there will be serious loss of flora, fauna, and mankind. Besides utilizing extra care and preventive measures to keep yourself protected from the rainy season, the same should be said for your animals, most especially if you have cattle roaming around your property. This season makes your animals more at risk of getting life-threatening diseases. When the temperature is plunging, as a farmer, you must be sure to know how to assess the changing weather and its effect on the efficiency and productivity of your farm and the health of your cattle.
Dairy farmers ensure to make advance plans and gather as many resources as they can to properly manage and take care of their cattle. Most animals require constant monitoring during these times since they need to be sure to keep their body temperatures at normal levels against the cold. The humidity of the environment is easily affected by strong winds and rains to the point that the temperatures goes way below the lower temperature limit. This has been shown to result to most animals getting stressed out.
When such a scenario happens, the animals must adapt and must respond in certain ways. These include seeking shelter and increasing their metabolic activity. The latter has been shown to help them maintain their body temperatures despite the rising cold. As a farmer, this implies that you have to increase the requirements of your cattle in terms of their diet. Basically, you have to get them quality feeds that are high in energy content. Cows, for instance, require feeds that are rich in essential nutrients as they are one of those animals that consume more energy to maintain their positive energy and adapt to the changing climatic conditions.
Besides looking after the health of your cattle, heavy rains also cause other related challenges when it comes to your livestock. These include difficulties in keeping your cattle feed dry, in baling the hay, and in watching out from aflatoxins. And so, in terms of your dry feed, silage, and manure, you have to store them in places that are away from the rain.
Here are other steps that you can take to ensure that your cattle will be able to keep up their body weight and body temperature during the monsoon.
1. Cleanliness is a must.
You have to make sure to keep your animals dry and clean to keep them away from getting serious health problems. Ensure to thoroughly clean your cow teats and sanitize them regularly before and after milking procedures.
2. Increase the amount of your feed.
During this period, animals need more food to produce more energy and heat to survive the cold weather. Make sure to keep your cattle well fed with nutritious forage and grains. Keep them safe from strong winds by building them a strong shelter.
3. Set up dry bedding.
Make a warm and proper bed for your cow to keep them away from health issues when living in dirty and soiled sheds. You can choose to prepare a bed of dry sand or dry straws or animal mattresses.
4. Keep an adequate supply of drinking water.
The rainy season does not mean that drinking water will be sufficient for your cattle. You have to keep your animals fed with potable and clean water. Be sure to provide them also with water that is not at a freezing temperature or is too cold.
5. Get rid of stagnant water.
Collection of rain water that then becomes stagnant is common during the monsoon. This collection of water is also a good source of harmful bacterial growth and diseases. Thus, be sure to keep your surroundings hygienic.